Spreading the Good News of Ramadaan

Shaykh Abdullaah ibn Saalih al-Fawzaan (hafidhahullaah) * mentions in his book “Ahaadeeth as-Siyaam: Ahkaam wa Adaab” Chapter 1, Hadeeth Number 3:

عن أبي هريرة – رضي الله عنه – قال: قال رسول الله (صلى الله عليه وسلم): “أتاكم رمضان شهر مبارك. فرض الله عز وجل عليكم صيامه، تفتح فيه أبواب السماء، وتغلق فيه أبواب الجحيم، وتغلّ فيه مردة الشياطين، لله فيه ليلة خير من ألف شهر، من حرم خيرها فقد حرم”. [1]

Abu Hurairah (radhiAllaahu ‘anhu) reported that the Messenger of Allaah (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) said: “Ramadaan has come to you – a blessed month. Allaah has made it obligatory on you to fast in it. During this month, the gates of heaven are open, the gates of the Hellfire are closed and the evil devils are chained. To Allaah belongs a night in it, which is better than a thousand months. Whosoever is prevented from its good, then he has been deprived.” [1]

في هذا الحديث بشارة لعباد الله الصالحين بقدوم شهر رمضان المبارك، لأن النبي (صلى الله عليه وسلم) أخبر الصحابة – رضي الله عنهم – بقدومه، وليس هذا إخباراً مجرداً بل معناه بشارتهم بموسم عظيم، يقدره حقّ قدره الصالحون المشمرون، لأنه (صلى الله عليه وسلم) بين فيه ما هيأ الله لعباده من أسباب المغفرة والرضوان وهي أسباب كثيرة، فمن فاتته المغفرة في رمضان فهو محروم غاية الحرمان.

In this hadeeth is a glad tiding to the righteous servants of Allaah, of the coming of the blessed month of Ramadaan. The Prophet (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) informed his Companions of its coming and it was not just a simple relaying of news. Rather, his intent was to give them the glad tidings of a magnificent time of the year, so that the righteous people who are quick to do deeds can give it its due estimate. This is because the Prophet (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) explained in it (the hadeeth) what Allaah has prepared for His servants from the ways towards gaining forgiveness and His contentment – and they are many. So whoever has forgiveness escape him during the month of Ramadaan, then he has been deprived with the utmost deprivation.

وإن من فضل الله تعالى ونعمه العظيمة على عباده، أن هيأ لهم المواسم الفاضلة لتكون مغنماً للطائعين، وميداناً لتنافس المتنافسين. وإن المواسم موضوعة لبلوغ الأمل بالاجتهاد في الطاعة ورفع الخلل والنقص بالاستدراك والتوبة (وما من هذه المواسم الفاضلة موسم إلا ولله تعالى فيه وظيفة من وظائف طاعاته يتقرّب بها إليه، ولله لطيفة من لطائف نفحاته، يصيب بها من يشاء بفضله ورحمته، فالسعيد من اغتنم مواسم الشهور والأيام والساعات، وتقرب فيها إلى مولاه بما فيها من وظائف الطاعات، فعسى أن تصيبه نفحة من تلك النفحات. فيسعد بها سعادة يأمن بعدها من النار وما فيها من اللفحات) [2]

From the great favors and bounties that Allaah has bestowed upon His servants is that He has prepared for them meritous occasions so that they may be of profit to those who obey Him and a race for those who rush to compete (for good deeds). These meritous occasions are times for fulfilling hopes by exerting in obedience and uplifting flaws and deficiencies through self-rectification and repentance. There is not a single occasion from these virtuous times, except that Allaah has assigned in it works of obedience, by which one may draw close to Him. And Allaah possesses the most beautiful things as gifts, which He bestows upon whomsoever He wills by His Grace and Mercy.

So the one who achieves true happiness is he who takes advantage of these virtuous months, days and hours and draws closer to His Guardian in them, by doing what is prescribed in them from acts of worship.

Thus perhaps he will be showered with one of the many blessings of those occasions and be helped by it, with an assistance that is enough to save him from the Fire and what it contains, such as its blazing heat. [2]

وإن بلوغ رمضان نعمة عظيمة على من بلغه وقام بحقه. فقام ليله وصام نهاره، ورجع فيه إلى مولاه من معصيته إلى طاعته، ومن الغفلة عنه إلى ذكره، ومن البعد عنه إلى الإنابة إليه.

Being able to reach Ramadaan is itself a magnificent bounty that is bestowed on the one who reaches it and rises to its occasion, by standing in prayer during its night and fasting during its day. In it, he returns to his Protector — from disobeying Him to obeying Him, from neglecting Him to remembering Him, from remaining distant from Him to turning towards Him in submissive repentance.

وإن واجب المسلم استشعار هذه النعمة، ومعرفة قدرها، فإن كثيراً من الناس حرموا الصيام إما بموتهم قبل بلوغه، أو بعجزهم عنه، أو بضلالهم وإعراضهم عنه، فليحمد الصائم ربه على هذه النعمة، ويستقبل شهره بالفرح والاغتباط بموسم عظيم من مواسم الطاعة، وأن يجتهد في أعمال الخير، وأن يدعوا الله تعالى أن يرزقه صيامه وقيامه، وأن يرزقه فيه الجد والاجتهاد والقوة والنشاط، وأن يوقظه من رقدة الغفلة ليغتنم مواسم الطاعات والخيرات. ومن الملاحظ أن الإنسان يعان على الطاعات في رمضان، فعليه أن يشكر ربه ويستفيد من وقته

A Muslim must be conscious of this bounty and acknowledge its magnitude. For indeed, many people are prevented from fasting, either because they die before they reach it, or because they are not capable of observing it or because they oppose and turn away from it. Thus, the one who fasts must give praise to his Lord for this bounty and should welcome this month with joy and delight that a magnificent time of the year out of all the occasions for performing obedience is welcomed. He should exert himself deeply in doing good deeds. And he should invoke Allaah to grant him the ability to fast and stand in night prayer, and that He provide him with seriousness, enthusiasm, strength, and energy in that month. And that He awaken him from heedless oversleeping so that he may take advantage of these virtuous times of good.

ومما يؤسف عليه أن كثيراً من الناس لا يعرفون لمواسم الخيرات قيمة. ولا يرون لها حرمة، فلم يكن شهر رمضان موسم طاعةٍ وعبادة وتلاوة قرآن وصدقة وذكر الله تعالى. بل كان عند بعض الناس موسماً لتنويع المآكل والمشارب. وإشغال ربات البيوت بصنوف الأطعمة، وبعض الناس لا يعرفون رمضان إلا أنه شهر السهر بالليل، والنوم بالنهار، حتى إن منهم من ينام عن الصلوات المفروضة فلا يصلي مع الجماعة، بل ولا في وقت الصلاة. وفئة من الناس لا يعرفون رمضان إلا أنه موسم من مواسم الدنيا، لا من مواسم الآخرة. فينشطون فيه على البيع والشراء، ويلازمون الأسواق ويهجرون المساجد. وإن صلوا مع الناس  فهم على عجل، وهكذا  تغيرت المفاهيم، وفسدت الموازين، فالله المستعان،

It is unfortunate to find that many people do not know the value of this virtuous occasion, nor do they consider it to be sacred. So the month of Ramadaan no longer becomes a significant time for obedience, worship, reciting the Qur’aan, giving in charity and making remembrance of Allaah. Rather, to some people, it becomes a signifcant time to diversify their foods and drinks and to prepare different types of meals before the month begins. Some other people do not know Ramadaan except as a month of sleeplessness and constant recurring gatherings, while sleeping by day. This is to the point that some among them sleep past the time of the obligatory prayers, thus not praying them in congregation or in their proper times. Other people do not know Ramadaan except as a signifcant time for conducting worldly affairs, not as a significant time for conducting affairs for the Hereafter. Thus, they work busily in it, buying and selling, and they stay in the market areas, consequently abandoning the masaajid. And when they do pray with the people, they do so in such a hurried manner. This is because they find their pleasure in the market places. This is the extent that the notions and views (of Ramadaan) have been changed.

يقول بعض السلف: (إن الله تعالى جعل شهر رمضان مضماراً لخلقه يستبقون فيه بطاعته إلى مرضاته. فسبق قوم ففازوا، وتخلف آخرون فخابوا). [3]

Some of the Salaf used to say: “Indeed Allaah, the Most High, has made the month of Ramadaan as a competition for His creatures, in which they may race with one another to His pleasure, by obeying Him. Thus, one group comes first and so they prosper and another group comes last and so they fail.” [3]

وما يدري الإنسان فلعل هذا الشهر هو آخر رمضان في عمره. فكم صام معنا العام الماضي من الرجال والنساء والشباب؟ وهم الآن تحت أطباق الثرى، مرتهنون بأعمالهم، وقد أمّلوا صيام رمضانات عديدة، ونحن على دربهم سائرون، فعلى المسلم أن يفرح بمواسم الطاعة. ولا يفرط فيها. بل يشتغل بما يدوم نفعه. ويبقى أثره. وما هي إلا أيام معدودات تصام تباعاً. وتنقضي سراعاً.

Also, the individual does not know if this is perhaps the last Ramadaan he will ever see in his life, if he completes it. How many men, women and children have fasted with us the past year, and yet now they lie buried in the depths of the earth, relying on their good deeds. And they expected to fast many more Ramadaans. Likewise, we too shall all follow their path. Therefore, it is upon the Muslim to rejoice at this magnificent occasion for worship. And he should not renounce it, but instead busy himself with what will benefit him and what will cause its effect to remain. For what else is it, except numbered days, which are fasted in succession and which finish rapidly.

اللهم أجعل التقوى لنا أربح بضاعة، ولا تجعلنا من أهل التفريط والإضاعة، وآمن خوفنا يوم تقوم الساعة، واغفر لنا ولوالدينا ولجميع المسلمين، وصلى الله ومسلم على نبينا محمد . . .

Oh Allaah, make Taqwa (piety) for us our most profitable characteristic. And do not make us from those people who are neglectful and lost. And secure our fear on the Day of the arrival of the Hour. And forgive us and our parents and all the Muslims and May Allaah’s peace and blessings be on our Prophet, Muhammad.

Source: Ahaadeeth As-Siyaam: Ahkaam wa Adaab of Shaykh Abdullaah ibn Saalih al-Fawzaan (hafidhahullaah), Chapter 1, Hadeeth Number 3, Pages 13-15.

Footnotes:

1. This hadeeth is reported by Ahmad and An-Nasaa’ee. See Ahmad Shaakir’s checking of the Musnad (no. 7148) and Saheeh at-Targheeb wat-Tarheeb of al-Albaanee (1490) as well as Tamaam-ul-Mannah (395)

2. These are the words of Ibn Rajab in Lataa’if-ul-Ma’aarif: pg. 8

3. Lataa’if-ul-Ma’aarif of Ibn Rajab: page 246

* Note: He is Shaykh Abdullah bin Saalih bin Abdullaah bin Fawzaan bin Ali al-Fawzaan (hafidhahullaah) and not the famous ash-Shaykh Dr. Saalih ibn Fawzaan ibn ‘Abdullaah al-Fawzaan. They are two different person.

Shaykh Abdullaah ibn Saalih al-Fawzaan (hafidhahullaah) was born in 1368 in Qasseem in Saudi Arabia and up until 1425 he was a teacher at Muhammad ibn Saud branch in Qasseem. He isn’t just well known for Fiqh, but also grammar and Usul. He has one of the most commonly used explanation for “Al-Waraqat fi Usul Al-fiqh and an explanation for Qatrun Nada . What’s more, the scholars have praised his explanation for Bulughul Maram . It totals 9 volumes. And is an explanation which deals with Takhreej and Fiqh.

Author: Islamic Treasure

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