Did any of the Sahabah or Scholars speak about it

Imaam al-Awzaa’ee رحمه الله said:

«الْعِلْمُ مَا جَاءَ عَنْ أَصْحَابِ مُحَمَّدٍ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ، وَمَا لَمْ يَجِئْ عَنْ وَاحِدٍ مِنْهُمْ فَلَيْسَ بِعِلْمٍ»

“Knowledge is what comes from the Companions of Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم and that which does not come from a single one of them is not knowledge”. [Source: Jaami ‘Bayaanil – ‘Ilm of Ibn ‘Abdul Barr (no. 1067)].

Imaam al-Barbahaaree رحمه الله said in his book “Sharh us-Sunnah” (point no. 6):

فانظر رحمك الله كل من سمعت كلامه من أهل زمانك [خاصة] فلا تعجلن، ولا تدخلن في شيء [منه] حتى تسأل وتنظر هل تكلم به أصحاب رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم [أو أحد من العلماء؟] فإن وجدت فيه أثرا عنهم فتمسك به، ولا تجاوزه لشيء، ولا [تختر] عليه شيئا فتسقط في النار.

“So examine, may Allaah have mercy upon you, the speech of everyone you hear from, in your time in particular; so do not act in haste. And do not enter into anything from it, until you ask and see: Did any of the Companions of the Prophet  صلى الله عليه وسلم  speak about it or anyone from the scholars? So if you find a narration about it from them, then cling onto it and do not go beyond it for anything and do not give preference to anything over it, and thus fall into the Fire.”

Explanation by Shaykh Saalih al-Fawzaan  حفظه الله :

Do not be hasty regarding that which you hear from the people, particularly in later times, and the large number of people who speak and give rulings and who stand to give knowledge and speak. And particularly, with the new development in information media, that it is now the case that everyone talks foolishly and speaks in the name of knowledge and in the name of the Religion, even the people of misguidance and the deviated and the misguided sects. They now speak in the name of the Religion on satellite channels. So the danger is very great.

So it is upon you O Muslim, and O Student of Knowledge in particular, to verify and that you are not hasty in taking everything that you hear. It is upon you to verify and to be aware, who is the one who said this thing? And where did this idea come from? And then what is its basis, and its proofs from the Book and the Sunnah? Then where did this person study and who did he take knowledge from? So these matters require verification, particularly in this time. So we do not accept every saying that anyone is saying, even if he speaks well, and speaks eloquently, and speaks abundantly and attracts people’s hearing, do not be taken in by it until you look and see the extent of their knowledge and understanding of the Religion that he has.

Or it may be the case that a person’s speech may be little, but he is a person of understanding of the Religion. And it might also be the case that a person’s speech may be plentiful, but he is an ignorant one who has nothing from knowledge and understanding of the Religion. Rather he just has magical/enchanting speech so that he fools the people, and gives the false impression that he is a scholar and that he is a person of understanding and that he is a thinker and the likes of that, so that the people are taken in and he takes them away from the Truth.

So what is counted is not the amount of speech and being able to ramble on, rather what is counted is what it contains with regard to knowledge and what it contains with regard to being based upon correct principles. And it may be the case with speech that is little but it is correctly based upon correct principles. This will be far more beneficial than abundant speech which is just lengthy, and from which no benefit can be taken except a little. And this is the situation in our time, where speech is abundant and knowledge is scarce; the recitors are many, and the people of knowledge and understanding (fuqahaa’) are few in number. And fiqh (knowledge and understanding of the Religion) does not come about by being able to speak a great deal, or to recite a great deal, or being able to speak well or being able to word things well.

The Poet said:

Embellished (falsely adorned) speech may make its falsehood seem attractive,
Whereas the Truth, may suffer as a result of being badly expressed.

So you may say, “This is the spittle of the bees” if you want to praise it;
but if you wanted you could say, “It is the vomit of flying insects which sting.”

If you wish to praise honey, you can say, “This is something put out from the mouth of the bee,” but if you want to speak against it, then you can say, “This is vomit,” instead of saying it is ‘spittle’ (something put out from the mouth); and instead of ‘a bee’ you can say ‘a hornet’ (a stinging insect that flies). So the eloquent person, he can turn the Truth into falsehood and falsehood look like the Truth by means of his eloquence, so beware of this.

And therefore the Prophet  صلى الله عليه وسلم  he warned against the person who is very eloquent in speech, the person who moves his tongue around just as the cows move the tongue around. [1]

He ( صلى الله عليه وسلم ) warned against this one and he said, “Some speech is like magic.” [2]

Meaning it enchants the people’s hearing (acts like magic upon the hearing of the people).

His saying, “So look and examine, may Allaah have mercy upon you, at the speech of everyone whom you hear from in your time in particular. Do not be hasty and do not enter into anything from it.

This was at the time of the author [3] and the author was almost at the same time as Imaam Ahmad, because he is one of the students of his students. He says: Do not be hasty in accepting the speech of the people in your time, until you verify it. So where is this in comparison to this time of ours now, the time of desires and the time of ignorance and the time when the different parts of the world are all mixed together? To the extent that trials and tribulations and evils and ideas arise and surge like waves and the enemy now wants to turn the Religion upon its head. He wants us to follow him and to impose his ideas upon us and to impose his politics upon us.

Therefore it is upon us to check this affair carefully and to withhold from many affairs and to turn attention to seeking to understand the Speech of Allaah and the speech of His Messenger, and to acquire knowledge and understanding of the Religion of Allaah the Mighty and Majestic.

So al-fiqh (knowledge and understanding of the Religion) contains a protection from trials and tribulations. And al-fiqh means al-fahm (understanding of the Religion). And a person may have memorized a great deal, but he does not have understanding, so therefore he and the common person are just the same. Indeed the common person may be better than him because he withholds himself and he recognizes his own ignorance, while this one does not realise that he is actually an ignorant person. Therefore the matter is not just memorizing a great amount or speaking a great deal. The matter is a matter of fiqh (understanding) and therefore he ( صلى الله عليه وسلم ) said,

“Perhaps one who has something conveyed to him will be better comprehending than the one who heard it (originally).” [4]

So a person may memorize something, and transmit and narrate, and yet there may be someone there who understands it better than he does. Allaah’s Messenger  صلى الله عليه وسلم  said:

“There may be a person who conveys knowledge of the Religion but he is not one who comprehends it.” [5]

He is a carrier of the knowledge and a transmitter of it, however he is not one who has understanding of it. So fiqh (knowledge and understanding of the Religion) is a gift from Allaah which Allaah gives to whomever He wishes from His servants. However, if he utilizes it properly and advances it/causes it to grow then he will benefit from it. But if he neglects it, it will be lost.

His saying, “So do not be hasty and do not enter into anything from it until you ask and look: Did anyone from the Companions of the Prophet  صلى الله عليه وسلم  speak with it?

This is a tremendous piece of advice if some speech pleases you regarding the Religion. As for speech about the affairs of this world, then that is not the topic under discussion here. Rather if some speech with regard to the Religion seems pleasing to you then don’t be hasty until you examine it: Is it founded upon something true and upon proof or is it just from the person’s own head and his own thinking?

For if it is, then it is just scum, like the scum which is carried on the top of flood water. Leave it (in that case). But otherwise if it is founded and based upon the Book and the Sunnah, then it is true. So therefore to do not be hasty in taking speech without restraint, even if it seems pleasing to you in its fine manner of speaking and it is eloquence and its forcefulness and in the style of address, do not be hasty about it until you examine and you test it against the Book and the Sunnah, and examine and see who said it. Is he a person of knowledge and understanding (a faqeeh) or not a person of knowledge and understanding? Until you ask the people of knowledge about it (this matter) and you look and see, did anyone from the Salaf (Predecessors) say it or did they not say it? And this is something I have warned against many times, that I say: Do not introduce personal deductions and opinions and sayings and wording which have not been preceded upon.

Take as your example the Salaf and the speech of the Salaf, and if you bring something which you have no one who precedes you upon it, then it will be something odd and strange, and its danger will be far more than its benefit.

So the speech of the Companions is the balance because they were the students of the Messenger  صلى الله عليه وسلم . Their sayings are looked to with regard to an aayah; how did they explain it? And with regard to a hadeeth, how did they explain it?

So you take from their sayings and from their explanation because they will be closer to the Truth than anyone who came after them; because they were students of the Messenger  صلى الله عليه وسلم  and they heard the interpretation and the explanation from the Messenger  صلى الله عليه وسلم  and they took knowledge directly from him, so they will be the people who are closest to the Truth. And no weight is to be given, to the saying of those people who say, “The Companions are not to be counted, they were men and they had their own opinions, and we are men and we have our thoughts. Times change.

So the Religion remains and will remain until the Hour is established. And it does not change with the changing time; it covers every time and place. What changes is only human deductions, which may sometimes be wrong and sometimes correct. As for the Religion itself, it does not change because it is suitable for every time and every place because it was sent down from One who is all wise, deserving of all praise. And therefore they used to advise and say, “Adhere to the Book and the Sunnah with the understanding of the Pious Predecessors. Do not introduce an understanding from yourself or from the later people.”

His saying, “or anyone from the People of Knowledge (scholars)

Meaning, did anyone from the scholars who are counted say it, from the Imaams who proceeded upon the way of the Companions of the Messenger  صلى الله عليه وسلم ? Because they were the ones who narrated from the Companions, and the Companions were the ones who
narrated from the Messenger  صلى الله عليه وسلم .

His saying, “So if you find a narration from them about it, then cling onto it.

If you find it being in agreement with their saying then cling onto it.

His saying, “And do not go beyond it for anything.

And do not go beyond the speech of the Salaf for the opinion of so and so, and so and so from those who came after them.

His saying, “And do not prefer anything over and above it and thus fall into the Fire.

And do not prefer over what came from the Salaf anything, from that which the later people brought such that you fall into the Fire. Because you have gone against the path leading to Paradise, and the path of Paradise is what (they) were upon, those who…

الَّذِينَ أَنْعَمَ اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِمْ مِنَ النَّبِيِّينَ وَالصِّدِّيقِينَ وَالشُّهَدَاءِ وَالصَّالِحِينَ وَحَسُنَ أُولَئِكَ رَفِيقًا

(Explanation) Those whom Allah has bestowed favor upon, from the Prophets, and the true and truthful followers of the Prophet, and the martyrs, and the righteous people and what a fine companionship they are. [Sooratun-Nisaa’ (4), aayah 69]

This is the path to Paradise, and whatever conflicts with it is a path leading to the Fire.And Allaah the Mighty and Majestic says,

وَأَنَّ هَذَا صِرَاطِي مُسْتَقِيمًا فَاتَّبِعُوهُ وَلَا تَتَّبِعُوا السُّبُلَ فَتَفَرَّقَ بِكُمْ عَنْ سَبِيلِهِ

(Explanation) “And this is My Straight Path so follow it, and do not follow the multiple paths, for they will cause you to split away from His path” [Sooratul-An’aam (6), aayah 153]

Allaah’s path is one but as for other than it, then it is many paths. Every devil has a path and he has a path; on each path there will be devils from mankind and from the jinn. So they are many different paths which will throw the person who follows them into confusion. But as for the Straight Path, then it is one. It does not contain any disagreement and you will never become lost if you follow it.

End of the explnataion by Shaykh Saalih ibn Fawzaan al-Fawzaan  حفظه الله

[Source: “Ithaaful-Qaaree bit-Ta’leeqaat ‘alaa Sharhis-Sunnah” by Shaykh Saalih ibn Fawzaan al-Fawzaan  حفظه الله, Volume 1, Pages 102-109]

Translated by Aboo Talhah Daawood Burbank رحمه الله on 2nd November 2009

Transcribed by Umm Abbas Zaynab Abdullah

Footnotes:

[1] This narration is reported by Imaam Ahmad in his Musnad and by Ibn Abee Shaybah and by Abu Daawood and at-Tirmidhee and others besides as a hadeeth of ‘Abdullaah ibn ‘Amr رضي الله عنه that Allaah’s Messenger صلى الله عليه وسلم said,

“Allaah hates those men who are eloquent, the one who moves his tongue around, just as the cow moves its tongue around.”

at-Tirmidhee said about this narration that it is ‘hasan gharee’b (singular chain of narration that is hasan) and it was declared authentic by Abu Haatim in al-‘Ilal.

Translator’s side point: Shaykh al-Albaanee رحمه الله , in as-Saheehah no.880, declared this hadeeth saheeh (authentic).

[2] This hadeeth is reported by al-Bukhaaree in his Saheeh (no. 5146 and no. 5767) as a hadeeth of ‘Abdullaah ibn ‘Umar رضي الله عنه; also reported by Muslim as a hadeeth of ‘Ammaar ibn Yaasir رضي الله عنهم.

[3] Translator’s side point: Imaam al-Barbahaaree who lived over 1000 years ago.

[4] This hadeeth is reported by al-Bukhaaree in his Saheeh (no.67 and no.7447) and reported by Muslim (no.1679) as a hadeeth of Abu Bakraa رضي الله عنه and the wording is that of al-Bukhaaree.

[5] This hadeeth is reported by Ahmad in his Musnad and Abu Daawood and at-Tirmithee and ad-Daarimee and Ibn Hibbaan as a hadeeth of Zayd ibn Thaabit رضي الله عنه at-Tirmidhee said the hadeeth is hasan and al-Busayree said it is saheeh (authentic).

Shaykh al-Albaanee رحمه الله declared this hadeeth saheeh (authentic) likewise, in his checking of Abu Daawood.

Author: Islamic Treasure

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2 Comments

  1. Is “Ithaaful-Qaaree bit-Ta’leeqaat ‘alaa Sharhis-Sunnah” a book written by Sheikh Fawzan, or is this a series of lectures?

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    • The book is transcribed from Shaykh Saalih bin Fawzaan al-Fawzaan حفظه الله audio explanations.
      The title is “إتحاف القاري بالتعليقات على شرح السنة للإمام البربهاري
      This is the cover of the book: Ithaaful-Qaaree bit-Ta'leeqaat 'alaa Sharhis-Sunnah
      And Allaah knows best.

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