Who are to be addressed ‘in the manner which is best’?

Shaykh Saaleh al-Fawzaan (حفظه الله) said:

فالواجب على المعلم وعلى من يدعو إلى الله، وعلى من يأمر بالمعروف وينهى عن المنكر التلطف بمن يخاطبه بالدعاء والثناء عليه والكلام اللين فإن هذا أدعى للقبول.

أما المعاند والمكابر فهذا له خطاب آخر قال الله سبحانه: {وَلَا تُجَادِلُوا أَهْلَ الْكِتَابِ إِلَّا بِالَّتِي هِيَ أَحْسَنُ إِلَّا الَّذِينَ ظَلَمُوا مِنْهُمْ وَقُولُوا آمَنَّا بِالَّذِي أُنْزِلَ إِلَيْنَا وَأُنْزِلَ إِلَيْكُمْ وَإِلَهُنَا وَإِلَهُكُمْ وَاحِدٌ وَنَحْنُ لَهُ مُسْلِمُونَ} [العنكبوت (29) : 46] .

فالذين ظلموا من أهل الكتاب وعاندوا وكابروا هؤلاء لا يخاطبون بالتي هي أحسن بل يخاطبون بما يردعهم، قال تعالى: {يَا أَيُّهَا النَّبِيُّ جَاهِدِ الْكُفَّارَ وَالْمُنَافِقِينَ وَاغْلُظْ عَلَيْهِمْ وَمَأْوَاهُمْ جَهَنَّمُ وَبِئْسَ الْمَصِيرُ} [التوبة (9) : 73] ،

المنافقون لا يجاهدون بالسلاح، وإنما يجاهدون بالحجة والكلام والرد عليهم بالغلظة ردعا لهم وتنفيرا للناس عنهم، وقال تعالى فيهم: {وَقُلْ لَهُمْ فِي أَنْفُسِهِمْ قَوْلًا بَلِيغًا} [النساء: 63] ،

هؤلاء لهم خطاب خاص؛ لأنهم أهل عناد ومكابرة ولا يريدون الحق بل يريدون تضليل الناس فهؤلاء يخاطبون بما يليق بهم.

أما الطالب المسترشد فهذا يخاطب بالرفق والرحمة واللطف؛ لأنه يريد الحق ويريد العلم والفائدة.

Translation:

“So it is obligatory upon the teacher and upon the one who calls to Allaah and upon the one who commands with the good and prohibits the evil that they be kind and gentle to the person they are addressing with supplication for them and through complimenting them and using mild speech, because this is more likely to bring about acceptance.

As for the mu’aanid (the one who stubbornly rejects the truth) and the one who mukaabir (the one who rejects it out of pride) then he is addressed in a different manner.

Allaah the Perfect says:

{And do not debate with the People of the Book except in a way which is best – except with those of them who transgress.

And say “We truly believe in what was sent down to us and in what was sent down to you. Our Lord whom we worship and your Lord is One and we are Muslims in submission to Him.} [Soorah al-‘Ankaboot (29) : aayah 46]

So those who transgressed from the People of the Book and who obstinately refused the Truth and rejected the Truth with pride – then those people are not addressed “billatee hiya ahsan”(in the manner which is best) – rather they are addressed with that which will deter them.

He the Most High said:

{O Prophet! Strive hard against the kuffaar and the hypocrites and be stern with them. And their Final Abode is the Hellfire and what an evil destination.} [Soorah at-Tawbah (9) : aayah 73]

The hypocrites are not fought against with weapons, rather jihaad is waged against them with proof, speech, and by refuting them with sternness as a deterrent for them, and in order to deter the rest of the people from them. He the Most High says with regard to them:

{And admonish them with a saying which will have an effect upon them.} [Soorah an-Nisa (4) : aayah 63]

There is a specific manner of addressing those people because they are people who deliberately, obstinately and proudly reject. They do not want the truth, rather they want to misguide the people. So those people are addressed with that which befits them.

As for the student who seeks guidance, then he should be spoken to with gentleness, mercy and kindness, because he desires the truth, and he desires knowledge and benefit.”

[Source: Sharh al-Usool ith-Thalaatha by Shaykh Saaleh al-Fawzaan, pages 14-15]

Author: Islamic Treasure

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