There is no basis supporting Celebration of Mawlid – al-Fakihani

The scholar Abu Hafs Taj ad-Din ‘Ali ibn ‘Umar al-Lakhmi al-Sakandari (رحمه الله تعالى), known as al-Fakihani, wrote in his treatise about Mawlid entitled “al-Mawrid fi al-Kalam ‘ala al-Mawlid”:

أما بعد، فقد تكرر سؤال جماعة من المباركين عن الاجتماع الذي يعمله بعض الناس في شهر ربيع الأول، ويسمونه المولد: هل له أصل في الشرع؟ أو هو بدعة وحدث في الدين؟

وقصدوا الجواب عن ذلك مبينا، والإيضاح عنه معينا.

To proceed, it has been repeatedly asked by blessed group of people inquiring about the legitimacy of the functions that some people hold in the month of Rabi al-Awwal which they call al-Mawlid (Milad), whether it has a base in the deen. They request a clear answer to their query in general and clarification in particular.

فقلت وبالله التوفيق: لا أعلم لهذا المولد أصلا في كتاب ولا سنة، ولا ينقل عمله عن أحد من علماء الأمة، الذين هم القدوة في الدين، المتمسكون بآثار المتقدمين؛ بل هو بدعة أحدثها البطالون، وشهوة نفس اغتنى بها الأكالون،

I (al-Fakihani (رحمه الله تعالى)) said, while asking Allaah to grant me success: “I have not come across any basis supporting the celebration of the birthday of the Prophet (peace be upon him) in the Qur’an or the Sunnah. Its celebration was not reported from any Muslim scholars who are the good example to be followed in religious matters and who abided by the practices of their pious predecessors. Rather, it is a Bid`ah introduced by the falsifiers and a desire raised by the gluttonous (i.e. a desire through which greedy people became rich).

بدليل أنا إذا أدرنا عليه الأحكام الخمسة قلنا: إما أن يكون واجبا، أو مندوبا، أو مباحا، أو مكروها، أو محرما.

The evidence for this judgment is that when we apply the Five Rulings on Actions to this celebration, we conclude that this celebration is either Wajib (obligatory), Mandub (commendable), Mubah (permissible), Makruh (reprehensible) or Haram (prohibited).

وهو ليس بواجب إجماعا، ولا مندوبا، لأن حقيقة المندوب ما طلبه الشرع من غير ذم على تركه، وهذا لم يأذن فيه الشرع، ولا فعله الصحابة ولا التابعون [ولا العلماء] المتدينون فيما علمت. وهذا جوابي عنه بين يدي الله تعالى إن عنه سئلت.

Based on the unanimous opinion of the Muslim scholars, it is not Wajib. Also, it is not Mandub because the definition of a Mandub matter is that which Shari’ah (Islamic law) requires and does not condemn the person who does not perform it; and this practice of celebrating the Mawlid is not required by Shari’ah and was not practiced by the Sahabah (Companions of the Prophet) or the Tabi’un (Followers, the generation after the Companions of the Prophet) and, according to my knowledge, it was not practiced by religious scholars. This is will be my answer regarding this celebration before Allah if He asks me about it.

ولا جائز أن يكون مباحا، لأن الابتداع في الدين ليس مباحا بإجماع المسلمين.فلم يبق إلا أن يكون مكروها، أو حراما.

Furthermore, this celebration cannot be classified as Mubah, because Ibtida’ (heresy) is not permissible according to Ijma’ (consensus of scholars). Therefore, this act is either Makruh or Haram.”

Then, al-Fakihani defined the type of celebration which he discussed earlier as that which is held by a person from his own money for his friends, family and children going no further than gathering for food while committing no sins in this celebration.

He continued:

فهذا الذي وصفناه بأنه بدعة مكروهة وشناعة، إذ لم يفعله أحد من متقدمي أهل الطاعة، الذين هم فقهاء الإسلام وعلماء الأنام، سرج الأزمنة وزين الأمكنة.

“A celebration of this description is a reprehensible Bid’ah and a heinous act. It was not practiced by earlier righteous people, who were the jurists of Islam, the scholars of mankind, the illuminating lamps for all times and places.”

al-Fakihani further said:

والثاني: أن تدخله الجناية، وتقوى به العناية، حتى يعطي أحدهم الشيء ونفسه تتبعه، وقلبه يؤلمه ويوجعه، لما يجد من ألم الحيف.

“The second, namely of the two types of celebrating the Mawlid, is that in which a crime is introduced and the involvement increases to the point that one is given something prohibited and their desire follows it and their heart ails and aches due to suffering from the pain of the wrongdoing.

وقد قال العلماء رحمهم الله تعالى: أخذ المال بالحياء كأخذه بالسيف. لا سيما إن انضاف إلى ذلك شيء من الغناء مع البطون الملأى بآلات الباطل من الدفوف والشبابات، واجتماع الرجال مع الشباب المرد والنساء الغانيات، إما مختلطات بهم أو مشرفات، والرقص بالتثني والانعطاف، والاستغراق في اللهو ونسيان يوم المخاف.

Moreover, scholars stated: ‘Taking money by means of embarrassment is like taking it by the sword.'” These celebrations are even more heinous when they involve singing and the hearts become filled with the falsehood of instruments; such as drums, flutes, and men mixing with beardless young men and tempting women who mix freely with them directly or indirectly as singers and dancers gyrate. They become engrossed in amusement and forget the day of fears (i.e. the Day of Judgment).

وكذلك النساء إذا اجتمعن على انفرادهن رافعات أصواتهن بالتهنيك والتطريب في الإنشاد، والخروج في التلاوة والذكر عن المشروع والأمر المعتاد، غافلات عن قوله تعالى: {إن ربك لبالمرصاد}.

Also, women gather together raising their voices and prolonging their singing, and exceed the proper bounds in recitation of the Qur’an and the remembrances of Allah; unaware of the Almighty’s Statement:  {Verily, your Lord is Ever Watchful (over them)} [Qur’an 18:49].

وهذا الذي لا يختلف في تحريمه اثنان، ولا يستحسنه ذوو المروءة الفتيان. وإنما يحل ذلك بنفوس موتى القلوب، وغير المستقلين من الآثام والذنوب. وأزيدك أنهم يرونه من العبادات، لا من الأمور المنكرات المحرمات. فإنا لله وإنا إليه راجعون، «بدأ الإسلام غريبا وسيعود كما بدأ».

There is no disagreement among the scholars on the prohibition of this type of celebration and no sensible, honorable man can approve of this. Only those whose hearts are dead and do not refrain from sins and indiscretions consider it permissible. Moreover, they regard it as a form of worship, not evil actions; surely, we belong to Allah, and indeed, to Him we shall return! “Islam began as a stranger and shall return as a stranger as it began”.

ولله در شيخنا القشيري رحمه الله تعالى حيث يقول فيما أجازناه:

قد عرف المنكر واستنكر الـ معروف في أيامنا الصعبة

وصار أهل العلم فى وهدة وصار أهل الجهل في رتبة

حادوا عن الحق فما للذي سادوا به فيما مضى نسبة

فقلت للأبرار أهل التقى والدين لما اشتدت الكربة

لا تنكروا أحوالكم قد أتت نوبتكم في زمن الغربة

May Allah bless our Shaykh Al-Qushairy who said some words of which we approve:

Evil is applauded and goodness rejectedIn our difficult days
People of knowledge have become isolated
While the ignorant have been raised to high ranks
They deviated from the truth, and the path they have taken
Compared to past goodness is so distant
Then I said to the righteous; to people of piety
And religion when distress intensified
Do not despise your status, since your
Turn comes at the time of strangeness

al-Fakihani then said:

ولقد أحسن الإمام أبو عمرو بن العلاء رحمه الله تعالى حيث يقول: “لا يزال الناس بخير ما تعجب من العجب”.

[المورد في عمل المولد , (ص. 8- ص.13)]

“And indeed, Abu `Amr ibn Al-`Ala was right when he said:

“People will continue to be in goodness as long as they wonder at the strange.”

[Source: al-Mawrid fi al-Kalam ‘ala al-Mawlid, pages 8-13]

Author: Islamic Treasure

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