A voice of the family of Dawood – Abu Moosa al-Ash’ari
This Sahaabi is Abu Moosa Abdullaah ibn Qays al-Ash’ari (رضي الله عنه), better known as Abu Moosa al-Ash’ari.
‘Abdullah ibn Burayd related that his father said, “The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) went out to the mosque while Abu Musa (رضي الله عنه) was reciting and asked, ‘Who is this?’ ‘I am Burayda,’ I replied, ‘May I be your ransom!’ He said, ‘This man has been given one of the mizmaar of the family of Dawood’”
[Source: Adab al-Mufrad (no. 805 and 1087)]
al-Bukhaari narrated from Burayd ibn ‘Abd-Allaah ibn Abi Burdah from his grandfather from Abu Moosa (رضي الله عنه) that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said to him:
«يَا أَبَا مُوسَى لَقَدْ أُوتِيتَ مِزْمَارًا مِنْ مَزَامِيرِ آلِ دَاوُدَ»
“O Abu Moosa, you have been given one of the mizmaar of the family of Dawood.” [Saheeh al-Bukharee, 6/195, (no. 5048), also, Saheeh Muslim, 1/546, (no. 793)].
al-Hafidh ibn Hajar al-Asqalani (رحمه الله تعالى) said:
” وَالْمُرَاد بِالْمِزْمَارِ الصَّوْت الْحَسَن , وَأَصْله الْآلَة أُطْلِقَ اِسْمه عَلَى الصَّوْت لِلْمُشَابَهَةِ“
“What is meant by mizmaar is a beautiful voice. The original meaning is a musical instrument and the word is applied to the voice because it resembles it.”
[Source: Fath al-Bari, (9/93)]
al-Nawawi (رحمه الله تعالى) said in Sharh Muslim:
” قَوْله صَلَّى اللَّه عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ فِي أَبِي مُوسَى الْأَشْعَرِيّ : ( أُعْطِيَ مِزْمَارًا مِنْ مَزَامِير آلِ دَاوُدَ ) قَالَ الْعُلَمَاء : الْمُرَاد بِالْمِزْمَارِ هُنَا الصَّوْت الْحَسَن , وَأَصْل الزَّمْر الْغِنَاء , وَآلُ دَاوُدَ هُوَ دَاوُدُ نَفْسه , وَآلُ فُلَان قَدْ يُطْلَق عَلَى نَفْسه , وَكَانَ دَاوُدُ صَلَّى اللَّه عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ حَسَن الصَّوْت جِدًّا ”
“The words of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) concerning Abu Moosa al-Ash’ari – “he has been given a beautiful voice (mizmaar) like the beautiful voices of the family of Dawood” – The scholars said: What is meant by mizmaar (lit. flute) here is a beautiful voice.
The original meaning of the word zamr is singing, and phrase “the family of Dawood” refers to Dawood himself. The phrase “the family of so and so” may apply to the person himself. Dawood (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) had a very beautiful voice. “
[Source: Sharh al-Nawawi ‘ala Muslim, (6/80)]
al-‘Iraaqi (رحمه الله تعالى) said:
” والمراد بالمزمار هنا : الصوت الحسن ، وأصله الآلة التي يزمر بها ، شبّه حسن صوته وحلاوة نغمته بصوت المزمار … وقد كان إليه المنتهى في حسن الصوت بالقراءة“
“What it meant by mizmaar here is a beautiful voice. The original meaning is the instrument that is blown into (wind instrument). The beauty and sweetness of his voice is likened to the sound of the flute. … He had an extremely beautiful voice in recitation.”
[Source: Tarh al-Tathreeb fi Sharh Taqreeb, (3/105)]
Abu Moosa (رضي الله عنه) was one of those who memorized the entire Qur’aan. The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) sent him to Yemen as a qaadi (judge) and teacher. He is well known for reading the Qur’aan a great deal, and for standing in prayer at night (qiyaam al-layl). May Allaah be pleased with him and reward him, and may He gather us with him, together with the Prophets, the speakers of truth, the martyrs and the righteous.