The celebration of Mawlid an-Nabi was introduced by the Shia Fatimids

Shaykh Abdullaah al-Fawzan (hafidhahullaah) said (interpretation of the words):

It [celebrating the Mawlid] is not a sunnah, and it was not the guidance of the righteous caliphs, nor was it the guidance of the best generations about whom the Prophet (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) testified to be the best of generations. It was introduced after these [best] generations, due to ignorance. The first who introduced the celebration of Mawlid were the Shi’ah Fatimids. It was then adopted by some of the people who ascribed themselves to the Sunnah thinking it to be good based on their intention of showing love to the Prophet (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam).

[But] this is not from the [act] of loving him. For indeed, love is in following him (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) [i.e. sticking to his authentic sunnah] and not in innovating.

[Source: at-Ta’leeqaat al-Mukhtasirah ‘ala matn al-Aqeedah at-Tahawiyyah, page 176]

Celebrating the Mawlid is an act that people introduced and it is not permissible, as it was not known during the time of the good Salaf (righteous predecessors). It was not known during the time of the Prophet (peace be upon him), nor during the time of the Tabiun (Followers, the generation after the Companions of the Prophet), nor during the time of the successors of the Tabiun, nor during the preferable centuries. This act was not known during these great times; namely, the early three preferable centuries. It was only introduced after the lapse of these centuries.

Historians mentioned that the Shiite Fatimids, who ruled Egypt and Morocco were the first to introduce these celebrations including the celebration of the Mawlid, or the birthday of al-Husayn, and Fatimah. Their rulers invented several celebrations such as celebrating the Mawlid. It is well known that they introduced this innovation during the fourth century A.H. and then other people imitated the same tradition.

However, the Sunnah (action following the example of the Prophet) is to not practice celebrating the Mawlid, because it is one of the Bidahs (innovations in religion). The Prophet (peace be upon him) says:  Anyone who introduces anything into this matter of ours (Islam) that is not part of it will have it rejected. The Prophet (peace be upon him) also says:  Anyone who does an action which is not in accordance with this matter of ours (Islam) will have it rejected.

Celebration is an act of obedience and worship, so it is impermissible to introduce an act of obedience or worship unless there is a legal foundation in support of its permissibility.

[Source: Fatwas of Nur ‘Ala Al-Darb, (Part No. 3; Page No. 71-72)]

The habit of celebrating birthdays is not permissible; rather, it is a Bid’ah. It has never been reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) or the Companions celebrated birthdays. The same applies to the best centuries after the Prophet’s time including the first, second and third centuries. No one celebrated the Prophet’s (peace be upon him) birthday during that time. It is a Bid’ah introduced by people.

Some scholars say that the first to introduce this Bid’ah were the rulers of Morocco and Egypt who were from the people of al-Qadah called the Fatimids who adopted Shiite thought about whom Shaykh-ul-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah said: “The Shiites are outwardly Rafidah (a Shiite group denying the caliphates of Abu Bakr al-Siddiq and ‘Umar ibn al-Khattab and making accusations against them and many other Companions of the Prophet), but they are inwardly mere disbelievers.”

Some people say: “They introduced the habit of celebrating the birthday of the Prophet (peace be upon him) and the birthdays of `Ali (may Allah be pleased with him), al-Husayn and Fatimah.” It is worth mentioning that those people were not role models so their footsteps should not be followed. This habit was introduced under the king of Arbela.

This does not make this habit an act of the Sunnah; rather, it is a Bid’ah that is even done by people who cannot be taken as role models. The only role model to be followed is the Prophet (peace be upon him), the Righteous Caliphs and the Prophet’s Companions (may Allah be pleased with them) who never celebrated this event. Muslims must glorify and follow the Prophet’s Sunnah at all times; not during the lunar month of Rabi’ Awwal only. It is obligatory that the Sunnah be cared for and taught at all times.

Muslims should learn what was enjoined and forbidden by the Prophet (peace be upon him) as well as what the Prophet (peace be upon him) used to do so that they can act upon the Sunnah. The habit of celebrating the Prophet’s birthday on the twelfth of Rabi’ Awwal or before or after this in the well-known manner by gathering people, preparing banquettes and reciting Tawashih, is a Bid’ah that has nothing to do with Islam. Therefore, this habit must be given up.

[Source: Fatwas of Nur ‘Ala Al-Darb, (Part No. 3; Page No. 82-83)]

It is a Bid’ah introduced by those who came after the best centuries in virtue and righteousness. It is said that the first to introduce this Bid’ah were the rulers of Egypt from al-‘Ubaydiyyun, who were Shiites, as reported by a group of historians. They introduced it during the fourth century after Hijrah. It is said that they are the first who held these celebrations.

[Source: Fatwas of Nur ‘Ala Al-Darb, (Part No. 3; Page No. 85)]

al-Haafiz Ibn Katheer said:

“al-Sabt said: Some of those who attended the feast given by the king on some of the Mawlids said that this feast included five thousand roasted heads of sheep, ten thousand chickens, one hundred thousand bowls and thirty thousand plates of sweets… And the Sufis sang from Zuhr until Fajr, and he himself would dance with them. “

[Source: al-Bidaayah (13/137)]

Ibn Khalkaan said in:

“When it is the first of Safar they decorate those domes with various kinds of fancy adornments, and in every dome there sits a group of singers and a group of puppeteers and players of musical instruments, and they do not leave any one of those domes without setting up a group (of performers) there.

The people give up work during this period, and they do no work except going around and watching the entertainment.  When there are two days to go until the Mawlid, they bring out a large number of camels, cows and sheep, more than can be described, and they accompany them with all the drums, songs and musical instruments that they have, until they bring them to the square… On the night of the Mawlid there are performances of nasheed after Maghrib in the citadel.”

[Source: Wafiyaat al-A’yaan (3/274)]

Had the celebration of birthdays been a required matter or a legally prescribed act, the righteous predecessors and masters would not have abandoned it and then those after them discovered it and succeeded to revive it. Indeed, the early centuries were filled with truth, and no truth can be found in others which they failed to obtain.

Rather, the Prophet (peace be upon him) said that a group of his people would forever prove triumphant and adhere persistently to the truth. And there is no doubt that the most worthy of this description were the people of the early centuries of Islam; the first century, then the second century, and then the third one. He (peace be upon him) says: {The best of my followers are my generation, then those who follow them, then those who follow them…}

It is not permissible to think that the truth may have been missed during these three favored and great centuries and then grasped and claimed by those after them. No one, who believes in Allah and the Last Day, can say this.

In conclusion, the celebration of birthdays including the celebration of Mawlid, the birthday of al-Husayn, the birthday of so-and-so, the birthday of al-Badawy and similar celebrations are all baseless innovations in Islam.

They were introduced during the fourth century and the following centuries as stated by the author of the book of “Al-Ibda’ fi Madar al-Ibtida‘ (Creativity in Discussing the Evils of Innovation)”. He mentioned that those who introduced this Bid’ah were the rulers of Egypt from the Fatimid dynasty who ruled north Africa and Egypt and falsely ascribed themselves to the family of the Prophet, but they are not of it.

Abu al-‘Abbas Ibn Taymiyyah, Shaykh of al-Islam (may Allah be merciful to him) said: “They feigned the creed of Rafidah (a Shi’ah group denying the caliphates of Abu Bakr Al-Siddiq and `Umar ibn Al-Khattab and making accusations against them and many other Companions of the Prophet) and hid the sheer Kufr (disbelief).”

They were the first to introduce this innovation during the fourth century and then others followed them from the Shi’ah and from other sects besides Shi’ah including those following the way of Sunnah out of ignorance and error.

[Source: Fatwas of Nur ‘Ala Al-Darb, (Part No. 3; Page No. 49-50)]

In any case, it is a newly-introduced matter in Islam having no basis which some people from past centuries and in our age thought it to be recommended and there is nothing wrong in celebrating it, because it is a good Bid’ah. This is not only an incorrect opinion, but it goes against the Messenger (peace be upon him) as well. It is also in contradiction with the way of the Sahabah who were the most knowledgeable and the best people; however, they did not hold these celebrations. Therefore, it is a duty upon Muslims to reject this act.

[Source: Fatwas of Nur ‘Ala Al-Darb, (Part No. 3; Page No. 85)]

Author: Islamic Treasure

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  1. thanks for nowing about eidmilad of
    mohammad sallalah alliywasallam

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