Hadeeth which made Mu’awiyah (radhiAllaahu ‘anhu) to weep

al-Hafidh Imaam Ibn Rajab al-Hanbali (rahimahullaah) mentioned in his book “Jaami’ al-‘Uloom wal-Hikam”:

خَرَّجَ مُسْلِمٌ مِنْ حَدِيثِ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ: سَمِعْتُ النَّبِيَّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ يَقُولُ:

«إِنَّ أَوَّلَ النَّاسِ يُقْضَى يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ عَلَيْهِ رَجُلٌ اسْتُشْهِدَ، فَأُتِيَ بِهِ، فَعَرَّفَهُ نِعَمَهُ، فَعَرَفَهَا، قَالَ: مَا عَمِلْتَ فِيهَا؟ قَالَ: قَاتَلْتُ فِيكَ حَتَّى اسْتُشْهِدْتُ، قَالَ كَذَبْتَ، وَلَكِنَّكَ قَاتَلْتَ، لِأَنْ يُقَالَ: جَرِيءٌ، فَقَدْ قِيلَ، ثُمَّ أُمِرَ بِهِ، فَسُحِبَ عَلَى وَجْهِهِ، حَتَّى أُلْقِيَ فِي النَّارِ،

وَرَجُلٌ تَعَلَّمَ الْعِلْمَ وَعَلَّمَهُ، وَقَرَأَ الْقُرْآنَ، فَأُتِيَ بِهِ، فَعَرَّفَهُ نِعَمَهُ فَعَرَفَهَا، قَالَ: فَمَا عَمِلْتَ فِيهَا؟ قَالَ: تَعَلَّمْتُ الْعِلْمَ وَعَلَّمْتُهُ، وَقَرَأْتُ فِيكَ الْقُرْآنَ. قَالَ كَذَبْتَ، وَلَكِنَّكَ تَعَلَّمْتَ الْعِلْمَ، لِيُقَالَ: عَالِمٌ، وَقَرَأْتَ الْقُرْآنَ لِيُقَالَ، قَارِئٌ، فَقَدْ قِيلَ، ثُمَّ أُمِرَ بِهِ، فَسُحِبَ عَلَى وَجْهِهِ حَتَّى أُلْقِيَ فِي النَّارِ،

وَرَجُلٌ وَسَّعَ اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ، وَأَعْطَاهُ مِنْ أَصْنَافِ الْمَالِ كُلِّهِ، فَأُتِيَ بِهِ، فَعَرَّفَهُ نِعَمَهُ، فَعَرَفَهَا، قَالَ: فَمَا عَمِلْتَ فِيهَا؟ قَالَ: مَا تَرَكْتُ مِنْ سَبِيلٍ تُحِبُّ أَنْ يُنْفَقَ فِيهَا إِلَّا أَنْفَقْتُ فِيهَا لَكَ. قَالَ: كَذَبْتَ، وَلَكِنَّكَ فَعَلْتَ، لِيُقَالَ: هُوَ جَوَادٌ، فَقَدْ قِيلَ، ثُمَّ أُمِرَ بِهِ، فَسُحِبَ عَلَى وَجْهِهِ، حَتَّى أُلْقِيَ فِي النَّارِ.»

Muslim recorded that Abu Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: I heard the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) say:

“The first one among the people to be judged on the Day of Resurrection will be a man who was martyred. He will be brought and Allaah will remind him of His blessings and he will acknowledge them. He will say, ‘What did you do with them?’ He will say: ‘I fought for Your sake until I was martyred.’ He will say, ‘You are lying; rather you fought so that it would be said that you were brave, and that was said.’ Then He will order that he be dragged on his face and thrown into Hell.

And there will be a man who acquired knowledge and taught it, and he recited Qur’aan. He will be brought and Allaah will remind him of His blessings and he will acknowledge them. He will say, ‘What did you do with them?’ He will say: ‘I acquired knowledge and taught it, and I recited Qur’aan for Your sake.’ He will say, ‘You are lying; rather you acquired knowledge so that it would be said that you were a scholar, and you recited Qur’aan so that it would be said that you were a Qari (reciter), and that was said.’ Then He will order that he be dragged on his face and thrown into Hell.

And there will be a man to whom Allaah gave abundant wealth, and he gave all kinds of wealth. He will be brought and Allaah will remind him of His blessings and he will acknowledge them. He will say, ‘What did you do with them?’ He will say: I did not leave any way that You like charity to be spent but I spent charity for Your sake.’ He will say: ‘You are lying; rather you did that so that it would be said that you were generous, and that was said.’ Then He will order that he be dragged on his face and thrown into Hell.”

[Hadeeth Source: Recorded by Muslim 3/1513 no. 1905, Ahmad 2/321 no. 8260 and an-Nasa’ai 6/23 no. 3137]

After mentioning the above hadeeth, al-Hafidh Ibn Rajab al-Hanbali (rahimahullaah) wrote,

وَفِي الْحَدِيثِ: إِنَّ مُعَاوِيَةَ لَمَّا بَلَغَهُ هَذَا الْحَدِيثُ، بَكَى حَتَّى غُشِيَ عَلَيْهِ، فَلَمَّا أَفَاقَ، قَالَ: صَدَقَ اللَّهُ وَرَسُولُهُ، قَالَ اللَّهُ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ:

{مَنْ كَانَ يُرِيدُ الْحَيَاةَ الدُّنْيَا وَزِينَتَهَا نُوَفِّ إِلَيْهِمْ أَعْمَالَهُمْ فِيهَا وَهُمْ فِيهَا لَا يُبْخَسُونَ – أُولَئِكَ الَّذِينَ لَيْسَ لَهُمْ فِي الْآخِرَةِ إِلَّا النَّارُ} [هود: 15 – 16]

It is reported that when Mu’awiyah (May Allaah be pleased with him) heard this hadeeth he wept till he fell down. When he regained consciousness, he said, “Allaah and His messenger tell the truth, as Almighty Allaah says,

{Whosoever desires the life of the world and its glitter; to them We shall pay in full (the wages of) their deeds therein, and they will have no diminution therein. They are those for whom there is nothing in the Hereafter but Fire; and vain are the deeds they did therein. And of no effect is that which they used to do.}” [Qur’an Surah Hud, 11:15-16]

[Source: Mentioned by Ibn Rajab al-Hanbali (rahimahullaah) in his book “Jaami’ al-‘Uloom wal-Hikam”, Volume 1 page 77, checked by Shaykh Shuaib al-‘Arnaoot.]

The above hadeeth is one of the greatest ahaadeeth concerning the punishment in the Hereafter of those who show off and who make a display of apparent righteousness.

(1) Apparent righteousness does not necessarily mean that it is accepted by Allaah. This goes for all people, especially the innovators, most of whose apparent actions makes them look like pious people.

We should always remember, that the apparent righteousness of an innovator, or his striving in worship or good character, should not affect the shar’i view concerning bid’ah, because these things do not necessarily mean that his ‘aqeedah and deeds are sound.

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) foretold the emergence of the Khaariji sect, who are people of bid’ah, and commanded us to fight them. He also told us that they would strive hard in worship. He said: “There will emerge among this ummah – and he did not say: from them – people in comparison to whose prayer you will regard your prayer as insignificant. They will recite the Qur’aan but it will not go any further than their throats. They will pass out of Islam like an arrow passes out of the prey.” [Narrated by al-Bukhaari (6931) and Muslim (1064).]

The Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) described them as striving so hard in worship that even the Sahaabah would regard their prayer as insignificant when compared with these people’s prayer, but despite that he described them as passing out of Islam.

(2) Also, one should realize that showing off destroys all one’s actions (i.e., cancels out the reward), and that it brings the wrath of Allaah. The wise person does not waste his energy in doing things that do not bring any reward, let alone deeds that bring the wrath and anger of Allaah.

We ask Allaah to make our actions, words and deeds (both apparent and hidden) sincere, and to forgive us for what we commit of showing off.

Author: Islamic Treasure

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