Ramadan is the month of Patience and Fasting is the greatest form of patience

The Prophet sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said:

مَنْ صَامَ شَهْرَ الصَّبْرِ وَثَلَاثَةَ أَيَّامٍ مِنْ كُلِّ شَهْرٍ صَامَ الدَّهْرَ

Whoever fasts the month of Patience, and the three days of every month, (he is as if he) fasted for an entire year” [Related by Ahmad (2/261) and an-Nasa’i (4/218).no. 2408 from Abu Hurayrah. It was authentitated by al-Albani in Irwa’ul-Ghalil (4/99) and Saheeh al-Jaami’ al-Sagheer 3718 and 3803]

The scholars have said that “the month of patience” refers to Ramadan.

Ibn ‘Abdul-Barr (rahimahullah) said:

يَعْنِي بِشَهْرِ الصَّبْرِ شَهْرَ رَمَضَانَ…..

الصَّوْمُ يُسَمَّى صَبْرًا لِأَنَّهُ حَبْسُ النَّفْسِ عَنِ الْمَطَاعِمِ وَالْمَشَارِبِ وَالْمَنَاكِحِ وَالشَّهَوَاتِ

“What is meant by the month of Patience is the month of Ramadhan … So fasting is called patience because it restrains the soul from eating, drinking, conjugal relations and sexual desires.” [At-Tamhid (19/60-61) of AI-Hafidh Ibn ‘Abdul-Barr.]

Ramadan is the month of patience as the person who observes fasting is patient regarding acts of obedience and avoiding acts of disobedience. He abstains from the permissible things he used to enjoy out of obedience to Allaah The Almighty and in fulfillment of piety. Meanwhile, he stops himself from doing acts of disobedience and forces himself to do many righteous acts which bring one closer to Allaah The Almighty, such as observing the voluntary night prayers, giving in charity, maintaining kinship ties, providing food for the needy and bearing the suffering of hunger and thirst.

Shaykh Muhammad ibn Saalih al-‘Uthaymeen (rahimahullaah) said:

واعلم أن الصوم من أفضل الأعمال الصالحة، حتى ثبت في الحديث القدسي أن الله ـ عزّ وجل ـ يقول:

«كل عمل ابن آدم له إلا الصوم فإنه لي وأنا أجزي به» (1)

فالعبادات ثوابها الحسنة بعشر أمثالها إلى سبعمائة ضعف إلى أضعاف كثيرة، إلا الصوم فإن الله هو الذي يجزي به، ومعنى ذلك أن ثوابه عظيم جداً،

قال أهل العلم: لأنه يجتمع في الصوم أنواع الصبر الثلاثة وهي الصبر على طاعة الله، وعن معصية الله، وعلى أقداره،

فهو صبر على طاعة الله لأن الإنسان يصبر على هذه الطاعة ويفعلها،

وعن معصيته لأنه يتجنب ما يحرم على الصائم،

وعلى أقدار الله لأن الصائم يصيبه ألم بالعطش والجوع والكسل وضعف النفس،

فلهذا كان الصوم من أعلى أنواع الصبر؛ لأنه جامع بين الأنواع الثلاثة، وقد قال الله تعالى:

{إِنَّمَا يُوَفَّى الصَّابِرُونَ أَجْرَهُمْ بِغَيْرِ حِسَابٍ} [الزمر: 10] .

__________

الشرح الممتع على زاد المستقنع ، (6/458)

Know that fasting is from the most virtuous of righteous deeds, such that it is established in a hadeeth qudsi that Allaah (عز وجل) Himself said,

Every good deed of the son of Adam is for him except fasting; it is for Me and I shall reward (the fasting person) for it.” [Reported by Bukhari (1894) and Muslim (1151 & 164) on the authority of Abu Hurayrah]

The reward for acts of worship is from ten good deeds to seven hundred times, or many times over, except for fasting, for Allaah is the One who will reward for it. The meaning of this is that the reward is tremendous!

The people of knowledge (scholars) have said that the reason for this is because fasting gathers together the three types of sabr (patience); patience in the obedience of Allaah, patience in not disobeying Allaah and patience with Allaah’s decree.

● It is patience in the obedience of Allaah because a person employs patience in this obedience while he performs it.

● It is patience in not disobeying Allaah because a person refrains from those things which have been made forbidden for the one who is fasting.

● It is patience with Allaah’s decree because the fasting person is afflicted with pain, thirst, hunger, laziness and the weakness of the self.

And for these reasons, fasting is from the highest forms of sabr, because it combines between the three types.

And indeed Allaah said, “Only those who are patient shall receive their rewards in full, without reckoning.” [Surah az-Zumar (39):10]

Source: Sharh Al-Mumti’ ‘ala Zaad al-Mustaqni’ by Shaykh Muhammad ibn Saalih al-`Uthaymeen, Vol. 6, Page 458

Shaykh Abdur Razzak al-Badr (hafidhahullaah) said regarding Ramadan being the month of patience:

- فرمضان فيه الصيام، وفيه القيام، وفيه تلاوة القرآن ، وفيه البر والإحسان والجود والكرم وإطعام الطعام والذكر والدعاء والتوبة والاستغفار وغير ذلك من أنواع الطاعات ، وهي تحتاج إلى صبر ليقوم بها الإنسان على أكمل الوجوه وأفضلها .

- وفيه كفّ اللسان عن الكذب والغش واللغو والسب والشتم والصخب والجدال والغيبة والنميمة ومنع بقية الجوارح عن اقتراف جميع المعاصي ، وهذا يكون في رمضان وفي غيره ، والبعد عن هذه المعاصي يحتاج إلى صبر حتى يستطيع العبد حفظ نفسه عن الوقوع فيها .

- ورمضان فيه ترك الطعام والشراب وما يتعلق بها ونفسه تتوق لذلك وكذلك حبس النفس عما أباحه الله من الشهوات والملذات كالجماع ومقدماته، وهذا لا تستطيع النفس إلا بالصبر .

So in Ramadan is the fasting, and in it is the standing (in Night Prayers) and in it is the recitation of the Qur’an, in it is righteousness, charity, generosity, kindness, feeding the poor, dhikr (remembrance), du’a (supplications), repentance, forgiveness and other kinds of worships. All of these require patience by humans to carry them out perfectly in the best possible manner.

And in it is leaving off the tongue from lying, cheating, idle talk, swearing, cursing, shouting, controversy, backbiting, gossiping, and to prevent the rest of the body from committing all (kinds of) disobedience (sins). And this is in Ramadan and at other times. Keeping away from these disobedience requires patience so that a worshipper can save himself from falling into it.

And in Ramadan is leaving of the food and drink and other related things, and leaving off yearning for all these, as well as holding yourself from things which has been made permissible (halaal) by Allaah from the desires and pleasures, such as intercourse and the things that lead to it. And this cannot be (achieved) by the soul except through patience.

Source: http://www.al-badr.net/web/index.php?page=article&action=article&article=45

O Allaah, make us successful in carrying out the right of this month, and cleanse us from the evil of our heart.

Author: Islamic Treasure

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